Posted on Aug 18, 2021 at 04:08 PM
The success of any manager depends on their ability to lead. Management and leadership are different concepts; leadership is one of the management functions that every manager must exercise to succeed.
There are many definitions of leadership.
In general, it can be defined as the manager's ability to influence the conduct of his subordinates and convince them of the need to cooperate and implement his orders and instructions.
The manager must be a leader.
Leadership is a set of personal qualities, mental abilities, experiences, and scientific qualifications that enable the manager to influence the conduct of his subordinates, make them love him, and contentedly implement his orders and instructions.
The leader must perform the following tasks:
- He should act like a teacher and explain the objectives required of his team and determine the role of each one to achieve goals.
- Explain how to achieve the objectives required and help his subordinates overcome the problems and obstacles they may encounter at work.
- He must impose, as a judge, clear objective performance standards that serve as a basis for measuring the efficiency of the performance of his subordinates and reward the hardworking employees.
- Motivate the subordinates by using different incentives.
- Speak on behalf of the team, express their feelings and help them to solve problems.
The manager gets his ability to lead from a variety of sources. The most important are:
It is an essential source that a leader can use to influence the conduct of his subordinates through his good qualities that create admiration and conviction for others. These qualities are (tact, balance, self-confidence, justice, objectivity, and dedication to work).
To have the experience and knowledge of the components and characteristics of the work and the ability to solve problems efficiently help the leader creates confidence among his subordinates and easily influence them. The subordinate pays excellent attention to the knowledge and expertise of his leader because they make him feel safe and are led by someone with high competence and practice.
1- Guiding Leadership:
This type tends to guide subordinates to do what is required and gives them the methods and means that should be followed to achieve goals, but without any participation of them.
2- Supportive leadership (humanitarian):
In this type, the leader supports the conduct of his subordinates, trying to be friendly, solving their problems. He builds solid relationships and raises their morale.
3- Participating leadership:
The leader engages subordinates and consults with them before making a specific decision. He asks them to give their suggestions and opinions about possible problems and solutions because they are the closest to the workplace and most familiar with its problems before making a decision.
4- Leadership by warning:
This type of sets ambitious goals for the subordinates expects the excellent performance of them. So, the leader seeks constantly to improve and develop their performance and believe in their ability to achieve great results.
1- Using a method that does not cope with employees.
2- Ignore the views, opinions, and proposals of subordinates.
3- Focus more on regulations and procedures more than on the skills of subordinates.
4- The level of leader control on the reward system.
5- Not giving the subordinates accurate information, which leads to spread rumors.
6- Not developing a sense of responsibility among subordinates.
7- Pay attention to the completion of work and objectives and ignore the human element.
Not every manager is a leader. Leadership comes from the human ability to influence the behavior of the team he leads. The leader derives his control from the group, and from the position he holds.
Therefore, a manager may become a leader if he has leadership qualities and may not be a leader. In this case, he will cause many problems because the employees will need a leader who meets their requirements, is able to achieve their goals and satisfy their needs, and eliminates the conflict that may occur between the objectives of the organization where they work.
It is the concern of many researchers and scholars. Many training centres provide effective leadership training courses which focus on many types of leadership theories, such as the ones related to the personal characteristics that help to be a leader or those about behavior that the leader shows to his subordinates.
The leadership element is the ambition of organizations and institutions, and a leader can achieve by his ability to affect what large groups of people cannot do in return.