Essentials of Modern Electrical Transmission and Distribution Systems

Course Info

Length: 1 Week

Type: Online

Available Dates


  • July-25-2022


  • Aug-15-2022


  • Sep-05-2022


  • Oct-03-2022


  • Oct-24-2022


  • Nov-14-2022


  • Nov-28-2022


  • Dec-05-2022


  • Dec-19-2022


  • Dec-20-2022


  • Dec-27-2022


  • Jan-17-2023


Course Details

Course Outline

5 days course



  • Overview of a Typical and Modern Systems covering Generation, Transmission and Distribution and the SMART Grid
  • Determination of Flow of Real (P) and Reactive Power (Q)
  • Characteristics and Impact of System and Transformer Fault Levels
  • Control of Reactive Power & Voltage
  • Control of Active Power & System Frequency
  • Effects of Reactive Power Compensation on Voltage Profile
  • Overview of Power System Disturbances
Current Operational Problems and System Operations


  • Coping with Rising Demand for Power, Carbon Footprint Reduction and Global Warming
  • Symmetrical, Asymmetrical Faults and Effects on Positive, Negative and Zero Sequence Components
  • Monitoring of Plant Condition – e.g. temperature
  • Power System and Substation Automation
  • Increasing Problems of Heavily Loaded Systems - Stability, Voltage Dip
  • Transmission Voltage Levels - Line and Cable Design, Power Loading and De-rating for Temperature Effects
  • Major causes of power system failures
Emerging Technologies related to Green Renewable Energy


  • Renewable Energy and the Environment - Solar Power, Geothermal Power, Wind Power, Environmental Friendly Storage Batteries
  • ‘Green’ Generation? Is it possible on a large scale or are there stability problems?
  • Demand Side Management - Remote Load Control - Minimising Demand - Optimising Transmission – Coping with Dips and Swells
  • Optical Current Transducers for Protection - Optical Current Sensors Eliminate CT Saturation
  • High Voltage Applications - Surge Protection, Fault Current Limiters Network Switching
  • Non-linear loads - harmonics at PCC - filtering - G5/4 requirements
  • Triplen harmonics  and mitigation techniques
Digital Substations, FACTS and HV DC Link


  • Digital Substation Architecture
  • Flexibility in AC Systems (FACTS) - Static VAr Compensation - Series Controlled Capacitors
  • Changing Maintenance Schedules, Remote Surveillance of Plant and the Introduction of Unmanned Substations
  • Data Logging
  • HV-DC Links for Stability Improvement
  • Optical Cable Temperature Monitoring
  • SCADA and Artificial Intelligence Systems for Fault Diagnostics
Numerical Protection Relays and Functionalities; State of the Art Fault Current Limiter


  • Advanced Protection and Control Techniques
  • Numerical Relay and Protection Functions
  • Electrical Insulation - Air and SF6 - The Problems
  • Condition Monitoring of Plant
  • Is - Fault Current Limiter, How to Apply
  • GIS Diagnostics – Partial Discharge Techniques
  • Q & A session

Course Video